But with genders attributed to words in a way that seems completely arbitrary, how can you ever learn the genders of every French noun? You may have heard that there is only one way to know the gender of a noun: to learn it by heart.
Luckily this is one of many myths about the French language. Although English nouns may not be gendered, people and their corresponding pronouns are. From what we know about ancient texts and fragments of words, as well as by trying to reconstruct primitive languages based on modern-day language families, it seems that humans began by classifying nouns as living or not living.
This may have had practical, as well as religious, purposes. Why organizing nouns into general groups seemed necessary, and why certain nouns that would seem inherently masculine or feminine fall into the completely opposite category, is still uncertain. So, yes, this does all mean that French noun genders are completely arbitrary in many cases.
There are many approaches to learning the genders of French nouns. In a studynative French speakers were asked to determine the gender of 93 words which it turns out were all masculine. They could only agree on the gender of 17 of those! And they had even more trouble when it came to a list of feminine words. Fortunately, there are methods that you can use to learn, memorize, and guess the genders of French nouns.
Based on this study, here is a list of typically masculine and typically feminine noun endings. Instead, bookmark this page and regularly look at the list. Or print it out and hang it somewhere you often linger — for example, beside your bathroom mirror, by the sink where you wash the dishes, or even by your toilet. My French teachers in school made us memorize endings that are typically masculine or feminine, and that has continued to help me through my years linear programming unbounded feasible region learning French and becoming fluent.
You might not be good at or like to memorize long lists, or you may find it easier to memorize things in a different, less straightforward way. Luckily, there are many other strategies you can use to memorize genders in French. Some of the most popular are:. And as you start memorizing words this way, you may notice that certain types of words tend to be one gender or another, which will give you more of a chance of guessing, if you ever have to. Although learning word endings that tend to be masculine or feminine is a more all-encompassing method, learning categories that are commonly masculine or feminine can be pretty helpful, too.
How to Form a Question in French Using Inversion
For more details about these categories, you can have a look at this list or this onewhich includes links to two French podcasts about how to tell what gender a word is. This is another strategy that has helped me quite a bit. I got used to associating the nouns in the song with the words around them that signified their gender. For example, la luneta plumeun motta porte. Associating each noun with such a vivid image helps you remember its gender more easily.All about the French language.
French Language. French Pronunciation. French Grammar. French Vocabulary. Language Tools. French Culture. French Business. Learning French. French language. French Nouns. Definition: A noun is a word that represents a thing, whether that thing is concrete For Example a home, a cat or abstract an idea, happiness.
In French, all nouns have a gender - they are either masculine or feminine. It is very important to learn a noun's gender along with the noun itself because articles, adjectives, and some verbs have to agree with nouns; that is, they change depending on the gender of the noun they precede or follow.
The gender of some nouns makes sense homme man is masculine, femme woman is feminine but others don't personne person is always feminine, even if the person is a man! Examples in French: un livre book une chaise chair There are some tendencies in the gender of nouns, but there are always exceptions. Countries and names that end in e are usually but not always feminine. The plural form will usually sound the same as the singular. Nevertheless, the French add the letter S when they write.
While the indefinite form of the article is un or une, its plural form is des for both masculine and feminine nouns. Nearly all French nouns have different forms for singular and plural. In addition, many nouns that refer to people have both a masculine and a feminine form. Many of the rules here also apply to adjectives. Note that the gender rules apply only to people and some animals.A noun is a word that represents a person, place, or thing, whether concrete e. In French, all nouns have a gender—they are either masculine or feminine.
The gender of some nouns makes sense homme [man] is masculine, femme [woman] is feminine but others don't: the words personne [person] and victime [victim] are always feminine, even when the person or victim is a man! It is very important to learn a noun's gender along with the noun itself because articlesadjectivessome pronounsand some verbs have to agree with nouns; that is, they change depending on the gender of the noun they modify.
The best way to learn the gender of French nouns is to make your vocabulary lists with the appropriate definite article or indefinite article. That is, rather than a list like this:. This will help you learn the gender with the noun. The gender is part of the noun and you will be much better off learning it now, as a beginner, than trying to go back after years of study and memorizing the genders of all the words you've already learned we speak from experience.
Also, there are quite a few French nouns with different meanings depending on whether they are masculine or feminine. French nouns are always masculine or feminine, and you usually can't determine the gender just by looking at the word or thinking about what it means. While there are some tendencies in the gender of French nouns - see the table below - there are always exceptions.
Nearly all French nouns have different forms for singular and plural. Nouns that end in a vowel plus L, N, or T usually become feminine by doubling the consonant before adding E. Share Flipboard Email. By ThoughtCo.
In English a noun form of the doer of a verb is usually formed by '-er' sound, e. Then the noun form of the action of the verb is usually the '-ing' form, e. Is there a comparative way to construct noun from of French verbs? There is more variation with the associated action nouns suffixes, including -ement-ation-age and the lack of suffix. Sign up to join this community.
The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. How to construct noun forms of verbs? Ask Question. Asked 4 years, 10 months ago. Active 2 years, 4 months ago. Viewed 15k times. I'm not a native speaker of English or French. Active Oldest Votes. Why a reuse? The latter is indeed almost nonexistent, I only found the rare "mateuse".100 Nouns Every French Beginner Must-Know
I agree -age is common, answer updated to list it. My actual point was that I could see any example. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog.
The Overflow How many jobs can be done at home? Socializing with co-workers while social distancing.The French suffix -age is added to verbs or nouns to make new nouns, which are always masculine.
The French suffixes -et masculine and - ette feminine can be added to nouns including proper nounsverbs, and adjectives. Grammatical agreement is a vast topic - and one of the banes of French students. While in English we have a few pronouns and adjectives that indicate gender and number e. Many French nouns and adjectives have shortened forms called apocopes, which are created by dropping one or more syllables at the end of the word. Some of these are further modified by adding o to the end.
An article is a word that modifies a noun in a particular way, by stating whether the noun is specific, unspecific, or partial. There are three types of French articles, and they all agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.
The French words bon and bien can be tricky for French students because they both belong to three different parts of speech adjectives, adverbs, nouns and have similar meanings. This is a good lesson that will get you well on your way to understanding the difference. French compound nouns are made up of two or more words connected by hyphens, and figuring out their gender can be a little tricky.
Here are some rules that can help you to determine the gender of compound nouns. French compound nouns are made up of two or more words, often connected by hyphens. Making them plural can be a little tricky, but there are two rules that generally apply. There are some patterns that can help you determine the gender of a new word - here are noun endings that are usually feminine. There's no simple trick to knowing the gender of every single French noun other than looking in a dictionarybut there are several categories of words that are always or usually feminine.
Learn some French vocabulary for describing all things French. Inversion is not limited to pronouns - it can also be done with nouns and proper names, though this is a bit more complicated.There are a number of different uses of inversion. Share Flipboard Email. By ThoughtCo. Updated February 28, Mangeons-nous de la salade? Are we eating salad? Direct speech - Verbs like to sayto askand to think that set off direct speech. Remarks, thoughts - Verbs like to appear and to seem used to set off remarks or thoughts.
They have, it appears, other things to do. Anne was, it seems to me, rather nervous. Nevertheless, they need to read these articles. C'est cher ; du moins fait-il du bon travail. It's expensive, but at least he does good work. Of course, you must be hungry. Maybe they're studying at the library. That's how she found her dog. In vain, they searched for his wallet. Relative pronouns - When a noun phrase follows a relative pronoun. Here's the book upon which my friends depend.
Here's the book that my friends depend on. Ce qu'ont fait les enfants de Sylvie est terrible. What Sylvie's kids did is terrible. Comparisons - After the que in a comparison, especially with a noun phrase.
He is more handsome than Lise's sister had thought. Sibek n'ont dit. It's cheaper than Mr. Sibek's students said. Emphasis - Subject and verb may be inverted to emphasize the subject rare Sonnent les cloches. The bells are ringing.
Uses of French Inversion
The pronunciation of difficult words has been indicated. Third-person singular - If the verb ends in a vowel, t- must be placed between the verb and pronoun for euphony.Are you ready to widen your French vocabulary with the most common French verbs? Check out this list of common French verbs with their corresponding English translation. If you sign up to the newsletter, you'll get a more extended list available in PDF format. You will not only get my weekly newsletter upon sign up, but also a French learning package containing tons of FREE resources including the PDF for this list and so much more.
If you have already signed-up to the newsletter, check the link you received before. The PDF is already uploaded there. Before we proceed to the long list of most common French verbs, let's take a look one-by-one at ten of the most useful French verbs and see them with their present tense conjugation.
Let's start! On the top of the heap of French verbs is the most useful one of them all. The second most useful French verb avoiris also an irregular verb. It is also used by itself or with another verb to form a compound tense. The third one on our list is another irregular verb. The fourth French verb on our list is, unfortunately, another irregular verb.
I know, I know. Aller also works as a standalone verb or as an auxiliary to form compound verbs for future tenses. It all depends on the context and usage.
Get it? Here is its conjugation in the present tense. Another very important French verb is vouloir. Finally on our list of the most useful verbs is pouvoir which is equivalent to can or to be able to in English.